Shadows and Light

AP: 1.7
ISO: 20
S: 1/1372
AP: 1.7
ISO: 20
S: 1/1297
AP: 1.7
ISO: 20
S: 1/2404

See the source image]

I chose this picture because I think it’s very creative. The shadow work in this is very nice and clear that it’s a shadow. I also like the pose she does. The swirl from the shadow also goes really good with the pose and setting. The way it’s focusing on her eye is very pretty as well. I noticed they added some stars for makeup on the side of her face that was also eye catching. I think how she doesn’t have a shirt on and her hair is out of her face and put back makes the photo stand out even more. It shows great example of shadow as well. Lastly, with the background being all white makes it better.

Outdoor Portraits- Patricia

AP: 17
ISO: 20
S: 1/1548
AP: 1.7
ISO: 20
S: 1/141

5 tips I learned from the text is always to focus on the eyes, never select all of the focus points for portraits, always shoot in raw, shoot in the shade avoid direct sunlight, and shoot wide open for shallow depth of field.

File Formats

File formats are when a camera is capturing data, which creates a digital image. The common ones used are JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group), TIFF (Tagged Image File Format), RAW, DNG (Digital Negative Format), PNG (Portable Network Graphics),  GIF (Graphics Interchange Format),  BMP (Bitmap), and PSD (Photoshop Document).  JPEG file format is compressed fast into the camera, they result in a loss of detail and quality. TIFF file format is usually uncompressed and are very large files causing more of your space to be taken up. RAW file format are usually on advanced compact cameras and DSLRs. DNG file format allows you to crate a standard raw file format, or as an alternative to the manufactures native raw format. PNG file format was designed in the 90s and are primarily used on the internet. GIF file format alike PNG are used on the internet, they maintain transparency and allow animation. BMP files are large file sizes as color data is saved in each individual pixel in the image without any compression. Lastly, the PSD file format is used as a default to save data.

Framing a subject

For my framework I do believe that they have strong composition. I edited my photographs but I do believe that I could edit them better once I learn how to use snapspeed more. Something I would do differently if I took these flicks over again is try to find an even better framing and get even more creative. Lastly, I think my joker framing was something cool and different as well as the framing for the flower but I don’t think their up there to be on the home page.

Camera Modes

When taking pictures their are many different modes. Automatic mode, portrait mode, macro mode, landscape mode, sports mode, night mode, and movie mode. Theirs also semi automatic modes such as aperture priority mode (A or AV), shutter priority mode (S or TV), Program Mode (P), and lastly, manual mode. Starting off with Automatic mode, your camera selects the shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, focus and flash it thinks will work best with what your taking a flick of. Your camera will take some nice shots but you have to keep in mind that your camera will be “guessing” and not really know what you want. Next, portrait mode your camera will automatically select a large portrait. Also, it sets a narrow depth of field. Macro mode is used for you moving closer to your subject. It’s typically used for flowers, insects, and just primarily small objects.  Landscape mode the camera is in a small aperture mode allowing the scene your photographing to be in as much focus as possible. It’s used for capturing shots of wide scenes. Sports mode or “action mode” is designed for photographing moving objects. It attempts to freeze on what you are taking a picture of but increasing the shutter speed. Night mode or known as “slow shutter sync” is used to capture flicks at night or things with low light. Your camera sets to use longer shutter speed to help capture details of the background but it also fires off a flash to illuminate the foreground. Movie mode capture both still and moving subjects. Most new cameras now in days not only record video but also sound. Aperture Priority mode  is a semi-automatic mode that allows you to choose the aperture but the camera chooses all the other settings. This mode is used when your looking to the depth of field in a shot. Shutter priority mode is similar to aperture priority mode but in this mode you choose a shutter speed but the camera chooses the following settings. When you use this mode it clearly because you would want to be in charge of the shutter speed. Program mode is very similar to automatic mode but it gives you a little more access to controlling some things. Some things you have control over is flash, white balance, ISO, etc. Lastly, manual mode it gives you some freedom to set up shots as you wish.

Read and Write: Lenses

After reading the text these are 20 things I’ve learned from it. First in order to determine what kind of lens you want you need to figure out what you decide on taking pictures of. Things like sports, wildlife, landscape, etc. Also, it’s important for you to have a price range or budget. The less expensive lens will have a smaller aperture, the more expensive ones will have a fixed aperture. Wide angles should be used when prominent foreground objects are present. Standard lenses range from 35mm up to 85mm. Standard zoom lenses are typically used as a “walk around” lens. When you get a standard zoom the lenses it usually comes with is an 18-55mm, 18-135mm, 24-105mm,  and 24-7omm. Their are also prime lenses. Prime lenses are lenses that are just one focal length. Back in the day the most popular lens that was used was 50mm. Now in days when photographers are looking for some lens the most popular seems to be 70-300mm or 70-200mm. “If your pictures aren’t good enough, you’re not close enough,” said photographer Robert Capa. Telephoto zooms allow someone to stand some when the subject isn’t as approachable. Telephoto zooms are helpful for portraiture. Telephoto lens also compresses distance, making things appear closer. Telephoto is very useful for things like landscape or anything with a wide angle. They can also be used for things where it can be difficult to get close to. A fast lens is one that has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8 or larger. If sports is what you plan on shooting a telephoto zoom of 70-200 f/2.8 is an excellent choice. Overall that if you would like to shoot something small try a macro lens.

Conceptual self-portrait

The word conceptual means relating to or based on mental concepts. So in regards to a conceptual portrait it would mean something that relates to or represents you based off of it’s meaning or how you would relate to the particular object. For example if you took a photo of a dog and also needed to take a photo of something that’s self conceptual to them it could be things from a dog collar, leash, dog food, etc. Overall, something conceptual has meaning to you and represents you in a way. The thing I’ve chosen to take a flick off is a portrait I have on my wall which is an Aztec, Izataccihuatl carrying a princess. This relates to me because Aztecs and native decent come are the ancestors of my culture (Mexican). This portrait is also a very popular one in my culture.

See the source image

This is a piece of Cindy Sherman’s work. I chose this piece because it seemed to catch my eye the most because of all the colors, the makeup, and hair. My opinion on her work is it is VERY different and something unique that I’ve never seen before. I say this because her portraits of the women they seem to have weird shaped faces and the makeup is clown like.  I believe her artworks got famous just from the fact that it is different

13 settings a beginner needs to know.

When using a photography there is many things you need to learn about all the things you could do with it. First starting with aperture, this manages how much light the lens will pass through. Lower the aperture less light will pass through, higher aperture more light will pass through. Next, shutter speedThis is set to capture a moving object and determines how long the sensor or film will be exposed to the light. Now ISO is mainly used for the sensitivity of the picture. Usually you would want your ISO high not but to high. Full Automatic Mode is the easiest mode, it sets the aperture, shutter speed, & ISO. Aperture Priority Mode still sets all 3 modes but you have more control on adjusting the aperture. Shutter Priority Mode you set shutter speed under your circumstances . Auto-ISO is good for steady light and daytime. Full Automatic Focus the camera does the work in focusing for you but does take a guess on what your trying to focus on. Spot Focus  you choose what you would like to focus on rather than the camera taking a guess on auto focus.

Emily T per 4

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